Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health-related quality of life in a heterogeneous patient population.

Published

Journal Article

This study examined the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on health-related quality of life and physical and psychological symptomatology in a heterogeneous patient population. Patients (n=136) participated in an 8-week MBSR program and were required to practice 20 min of meditation daily. Pre- and post-intervention data were collected by using the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), Medical Symptom Checklist (MSCL) and Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90-R). Health-related quality of life was enhanced as demonstrated by improvement on all indices of the SF-36, including vitality, bodily pain, role limitations caused by physical health, and social functioning (all P<.01). Alleviation of physical symptoms was revealed by a 28% reduction on the MSCL (P<.0001). Decreased psychological distress was indicated on the SCL-90-R by a 38% reduction on the Global Severity Index, a 44% reduction on the anxiety subscale, and a 34% reduction on the depression subscale (all P<.0001). One-year follow-up revealed maintenance of initial improvements on several outcome parameters. We conclude that a group mindfulness meditation training program can enhance functional status and well-being and reduce physical symptoms and psychological distress in a heterogeneous patient population and that the intervention may have long-term beneficial effects.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Reibel, DK; Greeson, JM; Brainard, GC; Rosenzweig, S

Published Date

  • July 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 183 - 192

PubMed ID

  • 11543844

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11543844

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-7714

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0163-8343

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0163-8343(01)00149-9

Language

  • eng