Comparison of laparoscopic and open retropubic urethropexy for treatment of stress urinary incontinence.
OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic retropubic urethropexy has recently been described as an alternative method to the surgical correction of pure stress urinary incontinence. This study compares the operative technique and results of laparoscopic colposuspension with traditional open Burch urethropexy to treat women with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: We assessed the short-term results of 12 women who underwent a modified laparoscopic Burch urethropexy for the correction of stress urinary incontinence and compared these with a similar contemporary group of 10 women who underwent a traditional open Burch colposuspension procedure. RESULTS: Ten women (83%) who underwent the laparoscopic procedure are continent with a mean follow-up of 20.8 months, and 7 women (70%) who had an open Burch colposuspension are continent at a mean follow-up of 35.6 months. The laparoscopic procedure took an average of 1.5 hours longer than the open repair (P < 0.01). Patients who underwent the laparoscopic urethropexy required less postoperative analgesia (mean, 14.2 mg morphine equivalents versus 131.4 mg; P < 0.01), shorter length of hospitalization (mean, 1.9 days versus 4.9 days; P < 0.01), and a more expedient return to normal activity when compared with those who underwent open Burch colposuspension. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic bladder neck suspension offers a less invasive approach to the surgical correction of stress urinary incontinence and can provide successful outcomes in properly selected patients.
Polascik, TJ; Moore, RG; Rosenberg, MT; Kavoussi, LR
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