Enhanced optical imaging of rat gliomas and tumor margins.
Current intraoperative methods used to maximize the extent of tumor removal are limited to intraoperative biopsies, ultrasound, and stereotactic volumetric resections. A new technique involving the optical imaging of an intravenously injected dye has the potential to localize tumors and their margins with a high degree of accuracy. In a rat glioma model, enhanced optical imaging was performed and indocyanine green was used as the contrast-enhancing agent. In all 22 animals, the peak optical change in the tumor was greater than in the ipsilateral brain around the tumor and the contralateral normal hemisphere. The clearance of the dye was significantly delayed to a greater extent in the tumor than in the brain around the tumor and the normal brain. After attempts were made at complete microscopic resection, enhanced optical imaging of the tumor margins and the histological samples demonstrated a specificity of 93% and a sensitivity of 89.5%. Enhanced optical imaging was capable of outlining the tumor even when the imaging was done through the cranium. The optical imaging of rat gliomas with a contrast-enhancing dye is able to differentiate between normal brain and tumor tissue both at the cortical surface and at the tumor margins. The application of these studies in an intraoperative clinical setting may allow for the more accurate determination of tumor margins and may increase the extent of tumor removal.
Haglund, MM; Hochman, DW; Spence, AM; Berger, MS
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