Ontogeny of shortening velocity in porcine trachealis.
We examined the effect of maturation on force-velocity (F-V) parameters in porcine tracheal smooth muscle (TSM) to determine the relationship between maximal isometric contractile force (Po) and maximal velocity of shortening (Vmax). Strips of TSM excised from 1-day-old neonatal swine (neo; n = 8), 2-wk-old swine (2ws; n = 7), and 10-wk-old swine (10ws; n = 7) were tethered to an electromagnetic lever system for F-V analysis of contractility. TSM strips were activated by electrical field stimulation at optimal resting tension, voltage, and length (Lo) so that maximal reproducible contractile force (Po) was elicited. Velocities were measured at the early phase of isometric contraction (3.1 +/- 0.1 s for neo, 2.9 +/- 0.1 s for 2ws, and 3.1 +/- 0.1 s for 10ws; P = NS). Shortening velocity increased progressively with maturation; Vmax was 0.164 +/- 0.011 Lo/s for neo, 0.194 +/- 0.013 Lo/s for 2ws (P less than 0.05 vs. neo), and 0.260 +/- 0.024 Lo/s for 10ws (P less than 0.01 vs. neo; P less than 0.05 vs. 2ws). Maximal isometric force generation increased substantially during the first 2 wk of postnatal life and thereafter returned to neonatal levels; Po was 71.5 +/- 2.1 mN/mm2 for neo, 95.4 +/- 7.0 mN/mm2 for 2ws, and 74.7 +/- 6.2 mN/mm2 for 10ws (P less than 0.05, 2ws vs. neo and 10ws). In separate studies, we also determined whether differences in Vmax occurred during the normal cycling phase of the cross bridge (3 s) or during the slowly cycling phase of the latch bridge (8 s) in tissue from 12 additional animals.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Ikeda, K; Mitchell, RW; Guest, KA; Seow, CY; Kirchhoff, CF; Murphy, TM; Leff, AR
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