Distribution of bronchoconstrictor responses in isolated-perfused rat lung.
We studied the effects of bronchoconstrictor stimuli administered selectively through isolated-perfused preparations of the bronchial and pulmonary circulations of 80 Sprague-Dawley rats. Dose-related contraction was elicited with infusion of acetylcholine (ACh), histamine, and serotonin (5-HT). Bolus infusion of 10(-5) mol ACh caused a 3.5-fold increase in pulmonary resistance (RL) after infusion into the pulmonary circulation (PC) and a 2.5-fold increase in the bronchial circulation (BC) (P less than 0.05 vs. control) that was blocked selectively in each circulation with atropine. Administration of 10(-5) mol 5-HT into the BC caused only a 45% increase in RL; the same dose of 5-HT caused a 5.1-fold increase in RL in the PC. A biphasic (increase at lower doses/decrease at higher doses) change in RL was elicited by histamine that was converted to dose-related constriction after H2-receptor blockade with cimetidine in both BC and PC. Response to exogenous ACh remained viable for greater than 5 h. Infusion of the mast cell degranulating agent, compound 48/80 (48/80), caused increase in RL that corresponded to quantitative recovery of histamine in the perfusates of both BC and PC. Histamine concentration in the perfusate increased from 47.2 +/- 31.8 (base line) to 624 +/- 60.1 ng/ml (2-fold increase in RL) in the BC and from 38.3 +/- 17.7 (base line) to 294.4 +/- 38.1 ng/ml (50% increase in RL) in the PC (P less than 0.001 vs. baseline concentration) after a 0.1-mg/ml dose of 48/80.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Munoz, NM; Chang, SW; Murphy, TM; Stimler-Gerard, NP; Blake, J; Mack, M; Irvin, C; Voelkel, NF; Leff, AR
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