Hemorrhage in lesions caused by cowpox virus is induced by a viral protein that is related to plasma protein inhibitors of serine proteases.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Several recombinant cowpox viruses were constructed and used to identify a viral gene that controls the production of hemorrhage in lesions caused by the Brighton Red strain of cowpox virus (CPV-BR). This gene is located in the KpnD fragment of CPV-BR DNA, between 31 and 32 kilobases from the end of the genome. This position corresponds well with that predicted from analyses of the DNA structures of spontaneously generated deletion mutants. The gene responsible for hemorrhage encodes a 38-kDa protein that is one of the most abundant early gene products. The 11-base-pair sequence GAAAATATATT present 84 base pairs upstream of its coding region is also present upstream of three other early genes of vaccinia virus; therefore, this sequence may be involved in the regulation of transcription. There is extensive similarity between the predicted amino acid sequence of the 38-kDa protein and the amino acid sequences of several plasma proteins that are inhibitors of various serine proteases involved in blood coagulation pathways. This suggests that the viral protein may possess a similar biological activity, which may enable it to effect hemorrhage by inhibiting one or more of the serine proteases involved in the host's normal processes of blood coagulation and wound containment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pickup, DJ; Ink, BS; Hu, W; Ray, CA; Joklik, WK

Published Date

  • October 1, 1986

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 83 / 20

Start / End Page

  • 7698 - 7702

PubMed ID

  • 3532120

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC386788

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.83.20.7698


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States