Alterations in HLA-DP and HLA-DQ antigen frequency in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis.

Published

Journal Article

Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is associated with a markedly increased frequency of the HLA class II antigens DR3 and DQw2. To investigate a possible role of HLA-DP (or closely associated genes) in the pathogenesis of DH as well as to confirm the previously described alterations of HLA-DR3 and HLA-DQw2 antigen frequency, we have typed 43 patients with DH for HLA-DP, HLA-DQ, and HLA-DR antigens. All patients with DH had typical clinical and histologic features, as well as granular deposits of IgA at the dermal-epidermal junction by direct immunofluorescence. HLA-DR3 was expressed in 41 of 43 (95%) DH patients, whereas HLA-DQw2 was expressed in all 43 (100%). The overall distribution of HLA-DP antigens in patients with DH was significantly different from that seen in all controls and in HLA-DR3 and HLA-DQw2 controls (p less than 0.02). Examination of the frequency of individual DP antigens revealed that HLA-DPw1 was increased (42% of patients with DH vs 11% of all controls and 26% of DR3 positive controls), but this increase was not statistically greater than that expected due to the disequilibrium linkage of DPw1 with DR3/DQw2. Patients with DH, however, did have a statistically significant decreased frequency of DPw2 (14% of patients vs 31% of all controls and 41% of DR3 positive controls) (pc less than 0.05). Studies of three informative families demonstrated that the DPw2 genes of the DH patients were not present on the haplotype thought to carry a DH susceptibility gene (HLA-A1, HLA-B8, HLA-DR3, HLA-DQw2). A role of HLA-DP region genes in the pathogenesis of DH is further suggested by the observation that HLA-DPw1 was expressed in 82% (9 of 11) of DH patients with IgA antibodies against dietary antigens as compared with only 33% (4 of 12) of patients without IgA antibodies. HLA-DP genes or genes closely linked to them may be important in DH either as markers of the disease haplotype or by direct involvement in its pathogenesis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hall, RP; Sanders, ME; Duquesnoy, RJ; Katz, SI; Shaw, S

Published Date

  • October 1989

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 93 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 501 - 505

PubMed ID

  • 2570807

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2570807

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-202X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12284056

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States