Comparative epitope mapping of sera from United States (US) and Japanese patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) to fusion proteins encoded by BPAG1.
Sera from patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) from the United States (US), Japan, and Britain demonstrate similar reactivity to the major target antigens BPAG1 and BPAG2. The purpose of the present study was to determine if the epitope specificity of circulating autoantibodies in patients with BP from the US and Japan is similar as mapped by binding to fusion proteins encoded by BPAG1. Sera from patients and controls with BP from the US and Japan were assayed for reactivity to intact BPAG1 and BPAG2 by immunoblot, and to fusion proteins encoded by BPAG1 by immunoblot and enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). Significant reactivity to fusion proteins encoded by the carboxyl region (FP 16-8) and coiled-coil region (FP3) was seen in sera from the US and Japanese patients, but not from normal controls from the US or Japan. Sera from US and Japanese patients differed in their response to FP7; namely, the reactivity of sera from US patients but not from Japanese patients to FP7 was significantly different from the reactivity of their respective control sera. The reasons for this difference in reactivity are unknown but may reflect genetic or environmental factors relevant in the generation of an autoantibody response to these target antigens.
Rico, MJ; Hashimototo, T; Watanabe, K; Hall, RP; Clark, RB; Nishikawa, T
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