G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 regulates beta 1-adrenergic receptor association with PSD-95.
We previously reported that the beta(1)-adrenergic receptor (beta(1)AR) associates with PSD-95 through a PDZ domain-mediated interaction, by which PSD-95 modulates beta(1)AR function and facilitates the physical association of beta(1)AR with other synaptic proteins such as N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors. Here we demonstrate that beta(1)AR association with PSD-95 is regulated by G protein-coupled receptor kinase 5 (GRK5). When beta(1)AR and PSD-95 were coexpressed with either GRK2 or GRK5 in COS-7 cells, GRK5 alone dramatically decreased the association of beta(1)AR with PSD-95, although GRK2 and GRK5 both could be co-immunoprecipitated with beta(1)AR and both could enhance receptor phosphorylation in vivo. Increasing expression of GRK5 in the cells led to further decreased beta(1)AR association with PSD-95. Stimulation with the beta(1)AR agonist isoproterenol further decreased PSD-95 binding to beta(1)AR. In addition, GRK5 protein kinase activity was required for this regulatory effect since a kinase-inactive GRK5 mutant had no effect on PSD-95 binding to beta(1)AR. Moreover, the regulatory effect of GRK5 on beta(1)AR association with PSD-95 was observed only when GRK5 was expressed together with the receptor, but not when GRK5 was coexpressed with PSD-95. Thus, we propose that GRK5 regulates beta(1)AR association with PSD-95 through phosphorylation of beta(1)AR. Regulation of protein association through receptor phosphorylation may be a general mechanism used by G protein-coupled receptors that associate via PDZ domain-mediated protein/protein interactions.
Hu, LA; Chen, W; Premont, RT; Cong, M; Lefkowitz, RJ
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