Coupling of the expressed alpha 1B-adrenergic receptor to the phospholipase C pathway in Xenopus oocytes. The role of Go.
alpha 1B-Adrenergic receptor mRNA was injected into Xenopus oocytes, resulting in a norepinephrine-evoked Cl- current. The response was proportional to norepinephrine concentration, blocked by prazosin, and dependent on intracellular Ca2+ derived from inositol trisphosphate-sensitive stores. Oocytes treated with 2 micrograms/ml pertussis toxin showed a time-dependent decrease of the norepinephrine response, taking up to 72 h to show an 80% decrease. Overnight treatment with 10 micrograms/ml pertussis toxin also resulted in 80% reduction. Responses to two other cloned receptors (M1-muscarinic and serotonin-1c) expressed in oocytes were also reduced 50% or more by 72 h of pertussis toxin treatment. Pertussis toxin labeling of the cloned Xenopus alpha o-subunit translated in vitro showed that it was a significantly poorer substrate for pertussis toxin than the two mammalian alpha o-subunits expressed and assayed under identical conditions. This unexpected biochemical behavior of the Xenopus alpha o-subunit is in agreement with the rather unusual treatment conditions required to observe the effects of pertussis toxin on the receptor-evoked Cl- current in the oocyte. Injection of mammalian heterotrimeric G(o) but not Gi3 significantly enhanced the norepinephrine-evoked Cl- current in oocytes. Injection of mixtures of anti-sense oligonucleotides to the Xenopus alpha o-subunit reduced the norepinephrine-evoked Cl- current by 60% within 24 h, compared with oocytes injected with the oligonucleotides encoding sense sequences. These studies indicate that the expressed alpha 1B-adrenergic receptor, like the native muscarinic receptor, utilizes G(o) to couple to the phospholipase C-mediated Cl- current in Xenopus oocytes.
Blitzer, RD; Omri, G; De Vivo, M; Carty, DJ; Premont, RT; Codina, J; Birnbaumer, L; Cotecchia, S; Caron, MG; Lefkowitz, RJ
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