Inhalant use and disorders among adults in the United States.


Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of adult inhalant use and correlates of inhalant use disorder. METHOD: We drew study data from the 2002 and 2003 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). We used logistic regression to identify the characteristics associated both with inhalant use and inhalant use disorder. RESULTS: One in 10 of all adults had used an inhalant at least once in their lives, and 0.5% used one in the past year. Among all past year inhalant users, 8% met the criteria for an inhalant use disorder (i.e., 6.6% for abuse and 1.1% for dependence) within that period. We found an increased prevalence of past year inhalant use among young adults aged 18-25 years, Asians, past year alcohol abusers and dependents, lifetime drug users, white women, and men reporting symptoms of serious mental illness. Inhalant-using adults who met the criteria for an inhalant use disorder were predominantly adults aged 35-49 years and were less educated, had received recent professional treatment for emotional or psychological problems, used inhalants weekly, and had a coexisting alcohol use disorder. CONCLUSION: The patterns and consequences of adult inhalant use differ from those of adolescents. Compared with adolescent inhalant users, adult users tend not to initiate inhalant use until adulthood, use inhalants less frequently, use fewer inhalants, and are less likely to engage in criminal activities.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wu, L-T; Ringwalt, CL

Published Date

  • October 15, 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 85 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 1 - 11

PubMed ID

  • 16581202

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16581202

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0376-8716

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.01.017


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Ireland