Method for calculating the average cross-section pressure distribution in tube flows within the vorticity-streamfunction formulation

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This article describes an integral method for obtaining the average cross-section pressure distribution in tube flows by using the vorticity-streamfunction formulation. The method derives from the fact that the average cross-section pressure is related in a fundamental way to the power required to move the fluid through the tube. This relationship holds for flows in which the pressure distribution itself is nonuniform across the cross section. The analytical basis for these statements and a discussion of the circumstances in which they are true is given. Numerical calculations of a recirculating venturiflow and a flow in an irregular model coronary artery geometry reveal that in these flows the average cross-section pressure distributions calculated using the integral method are similar to the cen-terline and wall pressure distributions obtained from a full primitive-variable calculation based on the finite-element method and to wall pressure data obtained experimentally. This can be attributed to the nearly uniform pressure distributions that occur in tube flows with a low rate of change of cross-sectional area with distance. © 1992 by Hemisphere Publishing Corporation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Katz, IM; Shaughnessy, EJ; Zhang, Z

Published Date

  • January 1, 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 349 - 365

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1521-0626

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-7790

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/10407799208944988

Citation Source

  • Scopus