Dendritic fins optimization for a coaxial two-stream heat exchanger

This paper documents the fundamental relation between the maximization of global performance and the maleable (morphing) architecture of a flow system with global constraints. The example is the coaxial two-stream heat exchanger with flow through a porous bed in the annular space. It is shown that the constraints force the design toward heat exchangers with finite axial length, where additional improvements are derived from installing high-conductivity fins across the porous bed. The maximization of global performance is achieved through the optimization of the configuration of plate fins. Configurations with radial fins are optimized analytically and numerically. Configurations with branched fins are optimized numerically. It is shown that the best configuration (radial vs. branched) depends on the size of the heat exchanger cross-section. When the size is small, the best is the radial pattern. When the size exceeds a certain threshold, the best configuration is the optimized branched tree of fins. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bonjour, J; Rocha, LAO; Bejan, A; Meunier, F

Published Date

  • 2004

Published In

  • International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 111 - 124

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/S0017-9310(03)00406-X

Citation Source

  • SciVal