The Mycobacterium tuberculosis 71-kDa heat-shock protein induces proliferation and cytokine secretion by murine gut intraepithelial lymphocytes.


Journal Article

Murine intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) respond poorly to T cell mitogens and to monoclonal antibody stimulation of T cell receptor (TCR)- and CD3- associated molecules. In contrast, we found that a soluble extract of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), but not purified protein derivative of tuberculin, induced significant proliferative responses in IEL cultures. The active component was apparently a heat shock protein (HSP), since recombinant 71-kDa HSP from Mtb induced IEL to proliferate, while 65-kDa HSP from M. bovis and M. leprae did not. Both alpha/beta and gamma/delta TCR-enriched IEL gave proliferative responses to 71-kDa HSP. Further, culture supernatants from IEL stimulated with 71-kDa HSP contained elevated levels of interleukin-(IL)-3/granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, interferon-gamma and IL-6, but not IL-2, IL-4, IL-5 or transforming growth factor-beta. Finally, several IEL T cell clones have been maintained for up to 6 weeks, when stimulated with 71-kDa HSP, IL-2 and feeder cells. Our results show that the 71-kDa HSP of Mtb induces IEL T cells to divide and to secrete cytokines and this may offer a model for cloning and study of IEL T cells in vitro.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Beagley, KW; Fujihashi, K; Black, CA; Lagoo, AS; Yamamoto, M; McGhee, JR; Kiyono, H

Published Date

  • August 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 2049 - 2052

PubMed ID

  • 8344373

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8344373

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0014-2980

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/eji.1830230852


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany