Incorporation of an evaporative cooling scheme into a dynamic model of orographic precipitation

Journal Article (Academic article)

A simple evaporative cooling scheme was incorporated into a dynamic model to estimate orographic precipitation in mountainous regions. The orographic precipitation model is based on the transport of atmospheric moisture and the quantification of precipitable water across a 3D representation of the terrain from the surface up to 250 hPa. Advective wind fields are computed independently and boundary conditions are extracted from radiosonde data. Precipitation rates are obtained through calibration of a spatially distributed precipitation efficiency parameter. The model was applied to the central Sierra Nevada. Results show a gain of the order of 20% in threat-score coefficients designed to measure the forecast ability of the model. Accuracy gains are largest at high elevations and during intense storms associated with warm air masses

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Barros, AP; Lettenmaier, DP

Published Date

  • 1994

Published In

  • Mon. Weather Rev. (Usa)

Volume / Issue

  • 122 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 2777 - 2783

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1175/1520-0493(1994)1222.0.CO;2