Thermal volume changes of the mineral-water system in low-porosity clay soils
The effect of temperature on the volumetric strains of the clay skelton and clay - water system has been examined experimentally. Heating tests at (various) constant effective stress and isotropic loading tests at (various) constant temperatures were performed on low-porosity clays under drained conditions. The results indicate that the thermal expansion of absorbed water in these clays is significantly lower than that of free water. Depending on the effective pressure, the clay skeleton may undergo either compression or expansion.