Nitric oxide emissions from fertilized and biosolids-amendedsoil
Nitric oxide (NO) emissions from soil amended with municipal wastewater biosolids or mineral fertilizer can adversely impact ozone levels in the lower troposphere and are studied here. A comprehensive laboratory protocol was developed and conducted to consider the influence of biosolids-amended (BSA) soil and mineral-fertilizer-amended (MFA) soil, as compared with unamended soil, on NO emissions with varying temperature, moisture content, and pH. NO plays an important role in the formation of tropospheric ozone. Minimization of NO flux from soil is advantageous, protecting air quality as well as conserving valued nitrogen fertilizers. BSA and MFA soils were found to produce NO emissions over five times greater than unamended soils. Distinctions between NO flux from MFA and BSA soil cannot be made. NO flux from soils at pH 6.25 and 6.75 were not found to be statistically different. Soils with higher water-filled pore space (WFPS) and temperature are generally shown to produce greater quantities of NO within the range of temperature (15°-28°C) and WFPS (3-40%) studied.
Tabachow, RM; Peirce, JJ; Jousset, S
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