Particle fouling of a rotating membrane disk

Published

Journal Article

Fouling of rotating disk membranes as function of operating conditions and feed suspension characteristics was investigated in a series of laboratory experiments. A single-disk laboratory unit was operated over a range of disk rotation speeds and permeation rates (as controlled by the global transmembrane pressure drop) that were calculated to favor various conditions of particle transport and deposition. Permeate flux was found to be relatively insensitive to particle concentration in the feed stream. Thus, this membrane configuration appears to be well suited to the treatment of suspensions at high concentrations. However, the interplay between appropriate operating conditions to maintain permeate flux and the size of particles in the feed suspensions must be taken into account. Fouling was found to decrease with rotation rate and increase with transmembrane pressure (and therefore the initial permeate flux). Reductions in fouling observed at higher rotational speeds are attributed primarily to a high centrifugal force and radial component of drag on particles near the membrane surface. However, a trade off exists between the generation of high shear rates and centrifugal accelerations via high rotation rates and the radial distribution of the transmembrane pressure drop across the membrane that may locally reduce or reverse the flow of permeate across the membrane. Copyright (C) 1999.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Engler, J; Wiesner, MR

Published Date

  • January 1, 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 34 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 557 - 565

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0043-1354

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00148-7

Citation Source

  • Scopus