Time-dependent recovery of passive neutrophils after large deformation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Experiments are performed in which a passive human neutrophil is deformed into an elongated "sausage" shape by aspirating it into a small glass pipette. When expelled from the pipette the neutrophil recovers its natural spherical shape in approximately 1 minute. This recovery process is analyzed according to a Newtonian, liquid-drop model in which a variational method is used to simultaneously solve the hydrodynamic equations for low Reynolds-number flow and the equations for membrane equilibrium with a constant membrane tension. The theoretical model gives a good fit to the experimental data for a ratio of membrane cortical tension to cytoplasmic viscosity of approximately 1.7 x 10(-5) cm/s (0.17 micron/s). However, when the cell is held in the pipette for only a short time period of 5 s or less, and then expelled, the cell undergoes an initial, rapid elastic rebound suggesting that the cell behaves in this instance as a Maxwell viscoelastic liquid rather than a Newtonian liquid with constant cortical tension.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tran-Son-Tay, R; Needham, D; Yeung, A; Hochmuth, RM

Published Date

  • October 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 60 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 856 - 866

PubMed ID

  • 1742456

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC1260136

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1542-0086

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-3495

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0006-3495(91)82119-1


  • eng