Photocrosslinkable hyaluronan as a scaffold for articular cartilage repair.

Published

Journal Article

Hyaluronan-based scaffolds are of interest for tissue-engineered cartilage repair due to an important role for hyaluronan in cartilage development and function. In this study, an in situ photocrosslinkable hyaluronan (HA-MA) was developed and evaluated as a scaffold for articular cartilage repair. Chondrocytes were encapsulated in crosslinked HA-MA and evaluated for their ability to synthesize cartilaginous matrix in vitro. The mechanical and physical properties of the crosslinked HA-MA hydrogels were similar to that of other hydrogels, with compressive and dynamic shear moduli of 0.6 and 0.3 kPa, respectively, and diffusion coefficients of 600-8000 microm2/s depending on molecular weight. Chondrocytes remained rounded in the HA-MA hydrogels in vitro, and accumulated significant amounts of cartilaginous matrix. Osteochondral defects filled with HA-MA were infiltrated with cells, appeared to integrate well with native tissue, and also accumulated substantial cartilaginous matrix by 2 weeks after surgery. In summary, photocrosslinkable HA-MA promoted the retention of the chondrocytic phenotype and cartilage matrix synthesis for encapsulated chondrocytes in vitro and accelerated healing in an in vivo osteochondral defect model.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Nettles, DL; Vail, TP; Morgan, MT; Grinstaff, MW; Setton, LA

Published Date

  • March 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 391 - 397

PubMed ID

  • 15095813

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15095813

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-9686

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0090-6964

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1023/b:abme.0000017552.65260.94

Language

  • eng