Unidirectional block in a computer model of partially coupled segments of cardiac Purkinje tissue.

Published

Journal Article

The initiation of a reentrant circuit requires a zone of slow conduction and a zone of unidirectional block. This study used computer model conditions under which partial coupling between segments of cardiac Purkinje tissue resulted in unidirectional block. The structure used was one-dimensional and divided into three segments: a middle segment of variable length coupled to two long (semi-infinite in concept) segments. The DiFrancesco-Noble equations represented the ionic currents of the membrane. The results show that the possibility of unidirectional block depends on the size of the middle segment and the coupling resistances between the segments. No combination of coupling resistances allowed unidirectional block for middle segments with a length of two space constants (4 mm) or longer. Unidirectional block occurred for many combinations of coupling resistances as the length of the middle segment decreased to around half a space constant (1 mm). The number of length combinations that caused unidirectional block decreased again as segment length further decreased. These results provide a possible mechanism of unidirectional block for situations where islands of viable tissue are connected through nonviable tissue, such as in a healed myocardial infarction.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cabo, C; Barr, RC

Published Date

  • November 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 633 - 644

PubMed ID

  • 8116915

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8116915

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-9686

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0090-6964

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/bf02368643

Language

  • eng