Fibronectin and avidin-biotin as a heterogeneous ligand system for enhanced endothelial cell adhesion.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

A preadsorbed layer of "heterogeneous" integrin-dependent and -independent protein was used to enhance initial integrin-mediated endothelial cell attachment and spreading. Glass substrates were treated with fibronectin (Fn) and avidin coupled through adsorbed biotinylated bovine serum albumin (b-BSA). The slides then were seeded with biotinylated BAEC. Control "homogeneous" surfaces were slides adsorbed with either Fn or avidin coupled to b-BSA. The cells were incubated for 0.5 h in serum-containing media and exposed to a range of shear stresses in a laminar flow variable-height flow chamber. The critical shear stress to detach 50% of the seeded cells on the heterogeneous ligand surface was significantly greater than for either of the control homogeneous ligand systems (p < 0.001). Cellular spreading during the initial period of 0-2 h also was higher (p < 0.05) on the heterogeneous ligand-treated surface than on the surface of either of the homogeneous controls. The close contact area of the cell membrane with the substrate 1 h after seeding in serum-containing media was measured using TIRFM. Cells attached onto the heterogeneous ligand-treated surfaces had a significantly (p < 0.01) higher area of close contact with the substrate, which is consistent with a greater degree of attachment and spreading. The results indicate that the combination of integrin-dependent and -independent adhesion systems using heterogeneous ligands further enhances initial endothelial cell attachment and spreading.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bhat, VD; Truskey, GA; Reichert, WM

Published Date

  • September 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 377 - 385

PubMed ID

  • 9659606

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-4636

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9304

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/(sici)1097-4636(19980905)41:3<377::aid-jbm6>;2-9


  • eng