Theory of S-wave pion scattering and photo-production at low energies
A fixed-source analysis of the s-wave pion -nucleon interaction is constructed along the lines of the Chew-Low-Wick formalism. A bilinear s-wave interaction of the form λ0φ.φ+λτ.(φ×pi;) is added to the usual p-wave coupling (4π)½(f/μ)σ.Δτ.φ. Scattering equations are developed and solved in the one-meson approximation. Values for the renormalized coupling parameters λ0 and λ are determined which give reasonable agreement with the s-wave phase shifts up to ~ 100 MeV pion kinetic energy. This s-wave interaction with the parameters fixed by the scattering analysis is then applied to the discussion of the π+ and π0 photo-production cross-sections. A Kroll-Ruderman theorem is proved for the above nonlocal interaction and it is shown that the contributions to s-wave neutral and charged photoproduction are consistent with experiment. Other experimental implications, in particular as to the possible role of π-π forces, are discussed.
Drell, SD; Friedman, MH; Zachariasen, F
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