Dynamics of human coronary arterial motion and its potential role in coronary atherogenesis

Journal Article (Academic Article)

Mechanical forces have been widely recognized to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Since coronary arterial motion modulates both vessel wall mechanics and fluid dynamics, it is hypothesized that certain motion patterns might be atherogenic by generating adverse wall mechanical forces or fluid dynamic environments. To characterize the dynamics of coronary arterial motion and explore its implications in atherogenesis, a system was developed to track the motion of coronary arteries in vivo, and employed to quantify the dynamics of four right coronary arteries (RCA) and eight left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arteries. The analysis shows that: (a) The motion parameters vary among individuals, with coefficients of variation ranging from 0.25 to 0.59 for axially and temporally averaged values of the parameters; (b) the motion parameters of individual vessels vary widely along the vessel axis, with coefficients of variation as high as 2.28; (c) the LAD exhibits a greater axial variability in torsion, a measure of curve “helicity,” than the RCA; (d) in comparison with the RCA, the LAD experiences less displacement (p=0.009), but higher torsion (p=0.03). These results suggest that: (i) the variability of certain motion parameters, particularly those that exhibit large axial variations, might be related to variations in susceptibility to atherosclerosis among different individuals and vascular regions; and (ii) differences in motion parameters between the RCA and LAD might relate to differences in their susceptibility to atherosclerosis

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ding, Z; Friedman, ; H, M

Published Date

  • 2000

Published In

  • Trans. ASME, J. Biomech. Eng. (USA)

Volume / Issue

  • 122 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 488 - 492

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1115/1.1289989