Detection of cytochrome C in a single cell using an optical nanobiosensor.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In this work, the intracellular measurement of cytochrome c using an optical nanobiosensor is demonstrated. The nanobiosensor is a unique fiberoptics-based tool which allows the minimally invasive analysis of intracellular components. Cytochrome c is a very important protein to the process which produces cellular energy. In addition, cytochrome c is well-known as the protein involved in apoptosis, or programmed cell death. delta-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) was used to induce apoptosis in MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells. 5-ALA, a photodynamic therapy (PDT) drug in cells was activated by a HeNe laser beam. After the PDT photoactivation, the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria to the cytoplasm in a MCF-7 cell was monitored by the optical nanobiosensor inserted inside the single cell and followed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) outside the cell. The combination of the nanobiosensor with the ELISA immunoassay improved the detection sensitivity of the nanobiosensor due to enzymatic amplification. Our results lead to the investigation of an apoptotic pathway at the single cell level.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Song, JM; Kasili, PM; Griffin, GD; Vo-Dinh, T

Published Date

  • May 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 2591 - 2594

PubMed ID

  • 15117202

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-6882

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-2700

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/ac0352878


  • eng