A miniature biochip system for detection of aerosolized Bacillus globigii spores.
The feasibility of using a novel detection scheme for the analysis of biological warfare agents is demonstrated using Bacillus globigii spores, a surrogate species for Bacillus anthracis. In this paper, a sensitive and selective enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a novel fluorogenic alkaline phosphatase substrate (dimethylacridinone phosphate) is combined with a compact biochip detection system, which includes a miniature diode laser for excitation. Detection of aerosolized spores was achieved by coupling the miniature system to a portable bioaerosol sampler, and the performance of the antibody-based recognition and enzyme amplification method was evaluated. The bioassay performance was found to be compatible with the air sampling device, and the enzymatic amplification was found to be an attractive amplification method for detection of low spore concentrations. The combined portable bioaerosol sampler and miniature biochip system detected 100 B. globigii spores, corresponding to 17 aerosolized spores/L of air. Moreover, the incorporation of the miniature diode laser with the self-contained biochip design allows for a compact system that is readily adaptable to field use. In addition, these studies have included investigations into the tradeoff between assay time and sensitivity.
Stratis-Cullum, DN; Griffin, GD; Mobley, J; Vass, AA; Vo-Dinh, T
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