Application of sonomicrometry and multidimensional scaling to cardiac catheter tracking.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This paper describes a technique for tracking the three-dimensional (3-D) position of a cardiac catheter using sonomicrometry and the mathematical method of multidimensional scaling (MDS). Sonomicrometry is used to measure the distances between ultrasonic transceivers. MDS is then used to calculate the 3-D coordinates of the ultrasonic transceiver locations, including the catheter tip, from the measured distances. Feasibility of catheter tracking was initially studied using simulated data from a geometric model in which the actual coordinates of all transceivers were known. The method was then shown to be feasible in vivo by tracking a catheter-mounted piezoelectric transducer using seven reference crystals sewn to the epicardial surface of a sheep heart. Simulation results indicate that a catheter can be tracked with a root-mean-square (rms) error of 1.51 +/- 0.05 mm and an average-distance error of e = 1.06 +/- 0.27 mm using 12 reference points. In vivo results showed acceptable stress values (G < 0.05) for 95% of the data samples with an average-distance error of e = 0.52 +/- 0.66 mm. These simulation and experimental results show that sonomicrometry and MDS can be used to accurately localize the 3-D position and track the motion of a catheter tip within the heart.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Meyer, SA; Wolf, PD

Published Date

  • November 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 44 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1061 - 1067

PubMed ID

  • 9353985

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-2531

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0018-9294

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1109/10.641333


  • eng