Variable compensation technique for digital radiography of the chest.
The authors describe a new technique, variable compensation (VC) radiography, for digital radiography of the chest. It permits retrospective adjustment of image display while maintaining improved mediastinal signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) from aggressive x-ray equalization. A fraction of a logarithmic image representing the profile of the beam intensity incident on the patient is subtracted from a logarithmic equalized image. VC images of a chest phantom were generated with various weightings of the beam-profile image. Edge artifacts were substantially reduced with a weighting of greater than 0.5 and eliminated with a weighting of 1.0. The S/N properties of VC images were measured with a series of plastic squares placed over various regions of the chest phantom. The S/N of the squares in the dense sub-diaphragm were improved twofold compared with the S/N on unequalized radiographs, whereas the S/N in the lung was reduced by 30%. Studies of a volunteer revealed the ability to render images with aggressive equalization (for improved mediastinal visualization) and images with the appearance of traditional chest radiographs.
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