Quantitative SPECT reconstruction of iodine-123 data.

Journal Article

Many clinical and research studies in nuclear medicine require quantitation of iodine-123 (123I) distribution for the determination of kinetics or localization. The objective of this study was to implement several reconstruction methods designed for single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using 123I and to evaluate their performance in terms of quantitative accuracy, image artifacts, and noise. The methods consisted of four attenuation and scatter compensation schemes incorporated into both the filtered backprojection/Chang (FBP) and maximum likelihood-expectation maximization (ML-EM) reconstruction algorithms. The methods were evaluated on data acquired of a phantom containing a hot sphere of 123I activity in a lower level background 123I distribution and nonuniform density media. For both reconstruction algorithms, nonuniform attenuation compensation combined with either scatter subtraction or Metz filtering produced images that were quantitatively accurate to within 15% of the true value. The ML-EM algorithm demonstrated quantitative accuracy comparable to FBP and smaller relative noise magnitude for all compensation schemes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gilland, DR; Jaszczak, RJ; Greer, KL; Coleman, RE

Published Date

  • March 1, 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 527 - 533

PubMed ID

  • 2005465

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0161-5505

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States