Effects of characteristic x-rays on assay of I-123 by dose calibrator.
Large differences in dose-calibrator readings are obtained if "high-purity" I-123 is assayed in different containers. Large correction factors are necessary for assaying another isotope of iodine, I-125, in a dose calibrator, because of absorption of the low-energy (28.4-keV, weighted mean) emissions. We found that up to 70% of the dose-calibrator response to I-123 can be due to characteristic x-rays with energies exactly the same as those emitted by I-125, and that dose-calibrator response to I-123 is also strongly affected by the absorption properties of the vial. An appropriate method to define I-123 activity uses a gamma camera with a medium-energy collimator to establish correction factors for dose-calibrator assay of I-123 in different containers. Correction factors for a plastic syringe and a thick-wall glass vial, were determined using this method. Measurement of I-123 activity in a copper absorber will eliminate the response to x-rays, and the gamma camera is useful in establishing the necessary correction factors.
Harris, CC; Jaszczak, RJ; Greer, KL; Briner, WH; Coleman, RE
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