Parameter Estimation of Finite Mixtures Using the EM Algorithm and Information Criteria with Application to Medical Image Processing


Journal Article

A method for parameter estimation in image classification or segmentation is studied within the statistical frame of finite mixture distributions. The method models an image as a finite mixture. Each mixture component corresponds to an image class. Each image class is characterized by parameters, such as the intensity mean, the standard deviation and the number of image pixels in that class. The method uses a maximum likelihood (ML) approach to estimate the parameters of each class, and employs information criteria of Akaike (AIC) and/or Schwarz and Rissanen (MDL) to determine the number of classes in the image. In computing the ML solution of the mixture, the method adopts the expectation maximization (EM) algorithm. Mathematical formula for the method are presented. The initial estimation and convergence of the ML-EM algorithm are studied. The parameters estimated from a simulated phantom are very close to those of the phantom. The determined number of image classes agrees with that of the phantom. The accuracy in determining the number of image classes using A/C and MDL is compared. The MDL criterion performs better than the AlC criterion. A modifed MDL shows further improvement. The results obtained from experimental and real images are very encouraging. © 1992 IEEE.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liang, Z; Jaszczak, RJ; Coleman, RE

Published Date

  • January 1, 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1126 - 1133

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-1578

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0018-9499

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1109/23.159772

Citation Source

  • Scopus