Modulation of the interbilayer hydration pressure by the addition of dipoles at the hydrocarbon/water interface.
The effects of the cholesterol analog 5 alpha-cholestan-3 beta-ol-6-one (6-ketocholestanol) on bilayer structure, bilayer cohesive properties, and interbilayer repulsive pressures have been studied by a combination of x-ray diffraction, pipette aspiration, and dipole potential experiments. It is found that 6-ketocholestanol, which has a similar structure to cholesterol except with a keto moiety at the 6 position of the B ring, has quite different effects than cholesterol on bilayer organization and cohesive properties. Unlike cholesterol, 6-ketocholestanol does not appreciably modify the thickness of liquid-crystalline egg phosphatidylcholine (EPC) bilayers, and causes a much smaller increase in bilayer compressibility modulus than does cholesterol. These data imply that 6-ketocholestanol has both its hydroxyl and keto moieties situated near the water-hydrocarbon interface, thus making its orientation in the bilayer different from cholesterol's. The addition of equimolar 6-ketocholestanol into EPC bilayers increases the magnitude, but not the decay length, of the exponentially decaying repulsive hydration pressure between adjacent bilayers. Incorporation of equimolar 6-ketocholestanol into EPC monolayers increases the dipole potential by approximately 300 mV. These data are consistent with our previous observation that the magnitude of the hydration pressure is proportional to the square of the dipole potential. These results mean that 6-ketocholestanol, despite its location in the bilayer hydrocarbon region, approximately 10 A from the physical edge of the bilayer, modifies the organization of interlamellar water. We argue that the incorporation of 6-ketocholestanol into EPC bilayers increases the hydration pressure, at least in part, by increasing the electric field strength in the polar head group region.
Simon, SA; McIntosh, TJ; Magid, AD; Needham, D
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