Computationally efficient Monte Carlo estimation algorithms for matched field processing in uncertain ocean environments


Journal Article (Academic article)

In this paper, Monte Carlo estimation techniques are presented for computationally efficient implementation of two methods for matched field source localization in uncertain ocean channels. In the Optimal Uncertain Field Processor (OUFP), Monte Carlo integration is used to integrate out the environmental parameters and thus estimate the a posteriori distribution of the source location parameters. In the Minimum Variance Beamformer with Environmental Perturbation Constraints (MV-EPC), Monte Carlo estimation of the signal correlation matrix averaged over the ensemble of environmental realizations is used to estimate the beamformer constraints. Using the OUFP, detection performance bounds are evaluated which indicate that source position uncertainty affects performance much more than environmental uncertainty. An upper bound on source localization performance is also obtained indicating that for short observation times a threshold signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) exists, dependent upon environmental uncertainty, below which source localization performance rapidly degrades. Among robust minimum variance beamforming methods, the MV-EPC method demonstrated superior probability of correct localization (PCL), both in single source scenarios and in the presence of interference. The OUFP at high SNR and the MV-EPC at large observation times both achieved near perfect source localization performance, although for large environmental uncertainty the OUFP provides an upper bound on PCL

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shorey, JA; Nolte, LW; Krolik, JL

Published In

  • J. Comput. Acoust. (Singapore)

Volume / Issue

  • 2 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 285 - 314