Concentration-dependent effects of anions on the anaerobic oxidation of hemoglobin and myoglobin.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The redox potentials of hemoglobin and myoglobin and the shapes of their anaerobic oxidation curves are sensitive indicators of globin alterations surrounding the active site. This report documents concentration-dependent effects of anions on the ease of anaerobic oxidation of representative hemoglobins and myoglobins. Hemoglobin (Hb) oxidation curves reflect the cooperative transition from the T state of deoxyHb to the more readily oxidized R-like conformation of metHb. Shifts in the oxidation curves for Hb A(0) as Cl(-) concentrations are increased to 0.2 m at pH 7.1 indicate preferential anion binding to the T state and destabilization of the R-like state of metHb, leading to reduced cooperativity in the oxidation process. A dramatic reversal of trend occurs above 0.2 m Cl(-) as anions bind to lower affinity sites and shift the conformational equilibrium toward the R state. This pattern has been observed for various hemoglobins with a variety of small anions. Steric rather than electronic effects are invoked to explain the fact that no comparable reversal of oxygen affinity is observed under identical conditions. Evidence is presented to show that increases in hydrophilicity in the distal heme pocket can decrease oxygen affinity via steric hindrance effects while increasing the ease of anaerobic oxidation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Taboy, CH; Faulkner, KM; Kraiter, D; Bonaventura, C; Crumbliss, AL

Published Date

  • December 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 275 / 50

Start / End Page

  • 39048 - 39054

PubMed ID

  • 10984477

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1083-351X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.m004547200


  • eng