Temperamental qualities at age three predict personality traits in young adulthood: longitudinal evidence from a birth cohort.

Published

Journal Article

In an unselected sample of over 800 subjects we studied whether behavioral styles at age 3 are linked to personality traits at age 18. We identified 5 temperament groups (labeled Undercontrolled, Inhibited, Confident, Reserved, and Well-adjusted) based on behavioral ratings made by examiners when the children were 3. These groups were reassessed at 18, and their personality styles were measured with the self-report Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire. Results pointed to continuities across time. As young adults, Undercontrolled children scored high on measures of impulsivity, danger seeking, aggression, and interpersonal alienation; Inhibited children scored low on measures of impulsivity, danger seeking, aggression, and social potency; Confident children scored high on impulsivity; Reserved children scored low on social potency; and Well-adjusted children continued to exhibit normative behaviors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Caspi, A; Silva, PA

Published Date

  • April 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 66 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 486 - 498

PubMed ID

  • 7750379

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7750379

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-8624

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-3920

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1995.tb00885.x

Language

  • eng