Resources, race, and female-headed congregations in the United States


Journal Article

This paper uses the 1998 National Congregations Study (NCS) to investigate the demographic and organizational characteristics of female-headed congregations in the United States. Our findings significantly extend knowledge about the demographic characteristics of these congregations. Counterintuitively, female-led congregations are more likely to be found in urban areas than in other locations, and they are more prevalent among African American congregations - particularly those with no denominational ties - and among ethnically mixed congregations. Our findings also confirm previous research on women clergy which indicates that, compared with congregations led by men, there is a paucity of organizational resources in female-headed congregations.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Konieczny, ME; Chaves, M

Published Date

  • September 1, 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 3

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1468-5906

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-8294

Citation Source

  • Scopus