An association between fetal parvovirus B19 infection and fetal anomalies: a report of two cases.
The association between fetal parvovirus B19 infection and hydrops was first reported in 1984. The virus has a predilection for the erythroid cell line, which in the fetus may produce anemia. Recent cases of parvovirus infection in other fetal cell lines have raised concern that the infection may induce fetal anomalies in rare cases. We report two pregnancies complicated by parvovirus B19 infection. In each instance the patient had normal second trimester ultrasounds but subsequently developed fetal abnormalities--disruptions of normal structure. One infant has myocardial infarction, splenic calcifications, and mild hydrocephalus. The other had moderate hydrocephalus with central nervous system scarring. There are two possible mechanisms in which parvovirus may induce fetal anomalies. Both direct infection of fetal organs and vascular inflammation have been documented in association with B19 parvovirus. Although fetal abnormalities associated with parvovirus are rare, continued study of this organism may indicate a greater pathologic potential than is now thought.
Katz, VL; McCoy, MC; Kuller, JA; Hansen, WF
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)