Perinatal management of a lingual teratoma.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Teratomas of the head and neck are rare and occur almost exclusively in neonates. Prenatal diagnosis of these tumors allows for a carefully planned delivery that maintains an open airway and potentially improves perinatal outcome. We report the perinatal management of a huge intrapharyngeal and intra-oral teratoma that had a broad connection to the base of the tongue. CASE: An anterior neck mass (5 x 5 cm) in an otherwise normal-appearing fetus was detected at 19 weeks' gestation. The mass increased in size over the next 10 weeks to 8 x 6.8 x 4.3 cm. Marked fetal head deflexion was noted along with concomitant hydramnios. The mother had spontaneous rupture of membranes with preterm labor at 29 weeks' gestation. A 1860-g male neonate was delivered by classical cesarean delivery. A tracheostomy was performed in the delivery room for ventilation after the upper airway could not be accessed by bronchoscopy. Histologic examination after surgical excision confirmed a congenital teratoma with immature neuroectodermal tissue and alpha-fetoprotein-bearing endodermal sinus tumor components with exclusively polyvesicular vitelline characteristics. The origin of the pharyngeal mass was the base of the tongue. CONCLUSION: The prenatal diagnosis of a pharyngeal teratoma should prompt a careful delivery plan to optimize perinatal outcome.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McMahon, MJ; Chescheir, NC; Kuller, JA; Wells, SR; Wright, LN; Nakayama, DK

Published Date

  • May 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 87 / 5 Pt 2

Start / End Page

  • 848 - 851

PubMed ID

  • 8677112

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8677112

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0029-7844

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States