Anti-neutrophil chemokine preserves alveolar development in hyperoxia-exposed newborn rats.

Published

Journal Article

Inflammation may contribute to lung injury and impaired alveolar development in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We treated hyperoxia-exposed newborn rats with antibodies to the neutrophil chemokine cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1) during 95% O2 exposure to reduce adverse effects of hyperoxia-induced inflammation on lung development. Rats were exposed at birth to air, 95% O2, or 95% O2 + anti-CINC-1 (injected on days 3 and 4). Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected 6 h before death. Anti-CINC-1 treatment improved weight gain but not survival at day 8. Anti-CINC-1 reduced bronchoalveolar lavage neutrophils at day 8 to levels equal to air controls. Total detectable lung CINC-1 was reduced to air control levels. Lung compliance was improved by anti-CINC-1, achieving air control levels in the 10-microg anti-CINC-1 group. Anti-CINC-1 preserved proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression in airway epithelium despite 95% O2 exposure. BrdU incorporation was depressed by hyperoxia but preserved by anti-CINC-1 to levels similar to air control. Alveolar volume and surface density were decreased by hyperoxia but preserved by anti-CINC-1 to levels equal to air control. Blockade of neutrophil influx in newborns may avert early lung injury and avoid alveolar developmental arrest that contributes to bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Auten, RL; Mason, SN; Tanaka, DT; Welty-Wolf, K; Whorton, MH

Published Date

  • August 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 281 / 2

Start / End Page

  • L336 - L344

PubMed ID

  • 11435208

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11435208

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-1504

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-0605

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajplung.2001.281.2.l336

Language

  • eng