Social consequence of disease in the American South, 1900-World War II.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)

The early 20th century Southerner lived in a disease environment created by a confluence of poverty, climate and the legacy of slavery. A deadly trio of pellagra, hookworm and malaria enervated the poor Southerner--man, woman and child--creating a dull, weakened people ill equipped to prosper in the modem world. The Northern perceptions of the South as a backward and sickly region were only compounded by the realization that her population was malnourished, infected by worms, and continually plagued by agues and fevers. As historian John Duffy concluded, "As a chronically debilitating disease, it [malaria] shared with the other two the responsibility for the term 'lazy Southerner".

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Martin, MG; Humphreys, ME

Published Date

  • August 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 99 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 862 - 864

PubMed ID

  • 16929881

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1541-8243

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0038-4348

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.smj.0000231265.03256.1f


  • eng