The effect of data sampling on the performance evaluation of artificial neural networks in medical diagnosis.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: To study the effect of data sampling on the predictive assessment of artificial neural networks (ANNs) for medical diagnostic tasks. METHODS: Three statistical techniques were used to evaluate the diagnostic performances of ANNs: 1) cross validation, 2) round robin, and 3) bootstrap. These techniques are different sampling plans designed to reduce the small-sample estimation bias and variance contributions. The study was based on two networks, one developed for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (1,064 cases) and the other developed for the diagnosis of breast cancer (206 cases). RESULTS: The three sampling techniques produced different performance estimates for both networks. The estimates varied substantially depending on the training sample size and the training-stopping criterion. CONCLUSION: The predictive assessment of ANNs in medical diagnosis can vary substantially based on the complexity of the problem, the data sampling technique, and the number of cases available.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tourassi, GD; Floyd, CE

Published Date

  • April 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 186 - 192

PubMed ID

  • 9107614

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9107614

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0272-989X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0272989X9701700209

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States