Flanking nuclear matrix attachment regions synergize with the T cell receptor delta enhancer to promote V(D)J recombination.
Previous studies have identified nuclear matrix attachment regions (MARs) that are closely associated with transcriptional enhancers in the IgH, Igkappa, and T cell receptor (TCR) beta loci, but have yielded conflicting information regarding their functional significance. In this report, a combination of in vitro and in situ mapping approaches was used to localize three MARs associated with the human TCR delta gene. Two of these are located within the Jdelta3-Cdelta intron, flanking the core TCR delta enhancer (Edelta) both 5' and 3' in a fashion reminiscent of the Ig heavy chain intronic enhancer-associated MARs. The third is located about 20 kb upstream, tightly linked to Ddelta1 and Ddelta2. We have previously used a transgenic minilocus V(D)J recombination reporter to establish that Edelta functions as a developmental regulator of V(D)J recombination, and that it does so by modulating substrate accessibility to the V(D)J recombinase. We show here that the Edelta-associated MARs function synergistically with the core Edelta to promote V(D)J recombination in this system, as they are required for enhancer-dependent transgene rearrangement in single-copy transgene integrants.
Zhong, XP; Carabaña, J; Krangel, MS
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