The influence of speed, grade and mass during simulated off road bicycling.
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of bicycle mass, speed, and grade on oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) during a simulated off-road riding paradigm. Nine adult subjects with mean +/- SD age, mass, and VO2 max of 26.1 +/- 5.6 years, 71.7 +/- 7.5 kg, 56.6 +/- 5.2 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1) respectively, were trained to ride a fully suspended Trek Y-22 mountain bike on a treadmill with a 3.8 cm bump affixed to the belt. Riders completed a maximum of nine separate trials encompassing three different bike masses (11.6, 12.6 and 13.6 kg), 3 speeds (2.7, 3.6 and 4.5 m x s(-1)), and 3 grades (0, 2.5, and 5%). Throughout a trial, bike mass and speed remained constant while riding grade was increased every 5 min. During simulated off-road riding on a fully suspended mountain bike, increases in speed and grade significantly increased VO2, heart rate, and RPE. Increases in bike mass had no significant effects on VO2, heart rate or RPE. In addition, speed and grade changes interacted to differentially affect VO2, heart rate, and RPE at all speeds and grades.
Berry, MJ; Koves, TR; Benedetto, JJ
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)