The role of human papillomavirus deoxyribonucleic acid assay and repeated cervical cytologic examination in the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia among human immunodeficiency virus-infected women. Cervical Disease Study Group of the American Foundation for AIDS Research Community Based Clinical Trials Network.

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: We sought to measure the characteristics of a quantitative human papillomavirus deoxyribonucleic acid assay and repeated cervical cytologic examination in screening for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia among human immunodeficiency virus-infected women. STUDY DESIGN: Human immunodeficiency virus-infected women with screening CD4+ lymphocyte counts of < or = 500 cells/mm3 (n = 103) were examined by quantitative human papillomavirus deoxyribonucleic acid assay and serial cervical cytologic examination and by colposcopy with biopsy and endocervical curettage during the course of 1 year. RESULTS: Quantitative measures of total human papillomavirus deoxyribonucleic acid and high-risk human papillomavirus deoxyribonucleic acid were strongly associated with any cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (P = .005) and high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (P = .0006), but they improved the sensitivity and negative predictive value of baseline screening only slightly when combined with cervical cytologic examination. Incident cervical intraepithelial neoplasia occurred frequently (20%) during 1 year of follow-up and was more common among human papillomavirus-infected women. Repeated cytologic examination identified 60% of women with new cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. CONCLUSION: Human immunodeficiency virus-infected women with at least mild immunosuppression have a high incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, which warrants close follow-up. Those with high baseline human papillomavirus deoxyribonucleic acid levels may be at the highest risk for incident cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cohn, JA; Gagnon, S; Spence, MR; Harrison, DD; Kluzak, TR; Langenberg, P; Brinson, C; Stein, A; Hellinger, J; Cervical Disease Study Group of the American Foundation for AIDS Research Community Based Clinical Trials Network,

Published Date

  • February 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 184 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 322 - 330

PubMed ID

  • 11228481

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9378

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States