Infantile chlamydial conjunctivitis. A comparison of Papanicolaou, Giemsa and immunoperoxidase staining methods.
The use of conjunctival smears to diagnose infantile Chlamydia trachomatis infection increased sixteen-fold in our hospital between the years 1979 and 1984. The present study was conducted to compare Papanicolaou and Giemsa staining methods with the avidin-biotin technique of immunostaining utilizing a highly specific antichlamydial monoclonal antibody. On retrospective review of 33 patients, chlamydial infection was diagnosed in 61% of the Papanicolaou-stained and 64% of the Giemsa-stained slides. After the Papanicolaou-stained slides were destained and immunostained with the antichlamydial antibody, round particles corresponding in size to elementary and reticulate bodies were readily seen in 79% of the cases. In comparison with the immunoperoxidase method, the sensitivity and specificity of Papanicolaou staining were 73% and 86%, respectively, while the corresponding figures for Giemsa staining were 77% and 100%, respectively. The study established the applicability of the immunoperoxidase method to this clinical condition, confirmed the accuracy of diagnoses with routine stains and highlighted the increasing incidence of chlamydial conjunctivitis in our hospital population.
Duggan, MA; Pomponi, C; Kay, D; Robboy, SJ
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