Binding sites for L-[3H]glutamate on hippocampal synaptic membranes: three populations differentially affected by chloride and calcium ions.

Journal Article

The effects of Cl- and Ca2+ were studied on the specific binding of L-[3H]glutamate to multiple sites on rat hippocampal synaptic membranes. Quisqualate (5 microM) or DL-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (2-APB) (300 microM) was used to discriminate two previously identified classes of binding sites. Saturation isotherms and displacement curves constructed under different ionic conditions suggested that the effects of Cl- and Ca2+ could best be explained by postulating the existence of three major binding site populations in this preparation rather than two. The binding of L-glutamate to Glu A sites exhibits an absolute dependence on Cl-, and Ca2+ markedly increases the maximum density of these sites. Glu A sites bind quisqualate and 2-APB with relatively high affinity. Cl- (47 mM) more than doubles the maximum density of Glu B sites, but Ca2+ appears to have no effect. Glu B sites can be discriminated from the other classes by their relatively low affinity for quisqualate and 2-APB. There is reason to think that the Glu B population is heterogeneous. The novel Glu C population can be virtually selectively labeled by exposing 2-APB-sensitive binding sites to radioligand in Tris-HOAc buffer with Ca2+. Binding of L-[3H]glutamate to these sites is enhanced by both Cl- and Ca2+, but requires neither ion. Ca2+ appears to increase both the affinity of Glu C sites for L-glutamate and their maximum binding site density. In the presence of Ca2+ and Cl-, Glu C sites bind the radioligand with micromolar affinity (KD approximately 2 microM) and high capacity (Bmax approximately 160 pmol/mg protein).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nadler, JV; Wang, A; Werling, LL

Published Date

  • June 1, 1985

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 44 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1791 - 1798

PubMed ID

  • 2985765

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3042

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England