The suppressive effect of a synthetic retroviral peptide on the human IFN gamma production is abrogated by the combined stimulation with IL-1 and IL-2.

Published

Journal Article

Certain retroviral envelope proteins and peptides have been shown to be highly immunosuppressive. Recently, we have demonstrated that a synthetic 17 amino acid peptide (CKS-17*) homologous to a highly conserved region in the transmembrane portion of the envelope of several human or animal retroviruses suppresses the production of human interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) by human peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL). In the present investigation, we studied the role of exogenous IL-1 or IL-2, and IL-1 plus IL-2 on the suppressive action of CKS-17* in the production of IFN gamma. The results showed that preculture of PBL with CKS-17* reduced the production of IFN gamma in a dose-dependent manner. The addition of IL-1 or IL-2 reduced, in part, this suppression of IFN gamma production. Full abrogation of the inhibition attributable to CKS-17, however, occurred only when PBL precultured with CKS-17* were recultured with staphylococcus enterotoxin A (SEA) together with exogenous IL-1 plus IL-2. These results show that the inhibition of IFN-gamma production by CKS-17* is reversible. The findings indicate that cytokines can modulate certain of the immunosuppressive actions attributable to retroviruses or their components and suggest that some cytokines influence immunosuppressive consequences of retroviral infection.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ogasawara, M; Cianciolo, GJ; Mitani, M; Kizaki, T; Good, RA; Day, NK

Published Date

  • 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 205 - 209

PubMed ID

  • 1905580

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1905580

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0361-090X

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England