Re-engineering systems for the treatment of depression in primary care: cluster randomised controlled trial.
OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an evidence based model for management of depression in primary care with support from quality improvement resources. DESIGN: Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Five healthcare organisations in the United States and 60 affiliated practices. PATIENTS: 405 patients, aged > or = 18 years, starting or changing treatment for depression. INTERVENTION: Care provided by clinicians, with staff providing telephone support under supervision from a psychiatrist. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Severity of depression at three and six months (Hopkins symptom checklist-20): response to treatment (> or = 50% decrease in scores) and remission (score of < 0.5). RESULTS: At six months, 60% (106 of 177) of patients in intervention practices had responded to treatment compared with 47% (68 of 146) of patients in usual care practices (P = 0.02). At six months, 37% of intervention patients showed remission compared with 27% for usual care patients (P = 0.014). 90% of intervention patients rated their depression care as good or excellent at six months compared with 75% of usual care patients (P = 0.0003). CONCLUSION: Resources such as quality improvement programmes can be used effectively in primary care to implement evidence based management of depression and improve outcomes for patients with depression.
Dietrich, AJ; Oxman, TE; Williams, JW; Schulberg, HC; Bruce, ML; Lee, PW; Barry, S; Raue, PJ; Lefever, JJ; Heo, M; Rost, K; Kroenke, K; Gerrity, M; Nutting, PA
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