Macromolecular levels, DNA synthesis and ornithine decarboxylase activity in leg muscles from 6-mercaptopurine-treated rats.
Sprague-Dawley male and female rats were treated with 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) (2 mg/kg sc) daily from 2 to 22 days of age and killed at 7, 15, 27 and 64 days of age. At 7 and 27 days of age rats were injected with 3H thymidine for measurement of DNA synthesis. Fore- and hindlimb muscles were removed and analyzed for ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity (all ages), DNA radioactivity (7 and 27 days), DNA level (27 and 64 days) and RNA level (64 days). As expected, ODC activity and DNA synthesis were higher in muscles of 7-day-old rats than in muscles of the older rats studied. A consistently lower ODC activity was seen in 6-MP-treated vs. control rats for 5-25 days after start of treatment, but the effect was essentially the same for the hindlimb and forelimb muscles. During the 7-27-day time course ODC activity was higher in hindlimb than forelimb muscles. By 27 days of age DNA synthesis was also higher in the hindlimb muscles. DNA synthesis was decreased after 5 days of treatment relative to that of control rats, to an approximately equal extent in forelimb and hindlimb muscles. Five days after the last treatment a trend was seen for slower recovery from inhibition of DNA synthesis in hindlimb muscles, particularly in male rats. DNA levels were reduced in treated rats relative to those in control rats 5 days after the last treatment to approximately the same degree in forelimb and hindlimb muscles. Forty-two days after the last treatment a trend toward increased activity of ODC and increased DNA and RNA levels was seen in muscles of treated rats, probably reflective of recovery processes. These early biochemical effects of 6-MP, which were seen to about the same extent in the forelimb and hindlimb muscles cannot explain by themselves the delayed hindlimb fat atrophy resulting from 6-MP treatment of neonatal rats.
Friedman, L; Gaines, DW; Alleva, FR; Seidler, FJ; Flynn, TJ; Slotkin, TA; Balazs, T
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