Effect of selective diaphragmatic paralysis on the inspiratory motor drive.
Using alpha-chloralose-anesthetized mechanically ventilated vagotomized dogs, we assessed the effects of selective diaphragmatic paralysis on the inspiratory motor drive. Diaphragmatic paralysis was accomplished by a bolus injection of vecuronium, a neuromuscular junction blocker, into the left phrenic artery of an in situ vascularly isolated and innervated left diaphragm. The inspiratory motor drive during spontaneous breathing attempts was assessed by measuring peak integrated electromyographic (EMG) activities of the left and right diaphragms and parasternal and alae nasi muscles. Respiratory timing parameters were measured from the integrated EMG signals of the diaphragm. Three groups of dogs were studied. In group 1 (n = 9), vecuronium was injected into the phrenic artery with the left diaphragmatic length adjusted at the functional residual capacity. Vecuronium injection (0.2 mg) resulted in a significant decline in left diaphragmatic tension and integrated EMG. Breathing frequency increased by 24% of the baseline value, whereas right diaphragm, parasternal, and alae nasi EMG activities rose to 136, 227, and 165% of their respective baseline values a few seconds after the vecuronium injection. In group 2 (n = 6), vecuronium injection in left phrenectomized animals did not alter the EMG activities of the inspiratory muscles (left EMG signal was abolished) nor did it alter respiratory timing. In group 3 (n = 4), the left diaphragm was placed in a flaccid position. Vecuronium injection in this group did not produce any changes in the EMG activities or respiratory timing. We conclude that selective diaphragmatic paralysis elicits a significant rise in the inspiratory motor drive. This effect is likely to be mediated through the inhibition of diaphragmatic Golgi tendon organ activity.
Teitelbaum, J; Borel, CO; Magder, S; Traystman, RJ; Hussain, SN
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